There are five factors that can lead to work-related problems and thyroid disease: genetics, irregular diets, menopause, stress, pregnancy. The role of healthy thyroid is the production and secretion of hormones of triodothyronine, tyrosine and calcitonin that affect the proper function of the whole organism.
Fast way of life, busy times and stress, eating junk food, skipping meals, and neglecting warning signals that are sent to us by the body are just some of the important factors that can lead to the development of thyroid disease. The hormonal imbalance usually begins gradually.
Thyroid problems can be associated with changing its size or volume, followed by a change in structure and function disorder – increased or reduced hormone secretion. Changing anatomy and thyroid function may be due to various pathological processes that can be framed in several clinical images or diagnoses.
Although each individual is identified, research show that five main factors that can lead to work-related problems and the onset of thyroid disease are:
- improper diet
Role of thyroid hormone
The thyroidgland is an inexpensive gland with an internal excretion, butterfly shape. It is located on the front lower part of the neck. The role of a healthy thyroid is the production and secretion of the hormones of triodothyronine (T3), tyrosine (T4) and calcitonin. Thyroid hormones play an important role in regulating metabolism – they increase the overall level of metabolism, affecting the proper functioning of the entire body:
- Provides wakefulness, reaction to stimuli, memory and learning ability
- Increases basal oxygen consumption and heat generation,
- Increase the minute volume of the heart,
- Increase protein synthesis,
- Stimulate the metabolism of steroid hormones, vitamin B and some drugs,
- Stimulate growth hormone
- Participate in the development of the central nervous system,
- Accelerate fat metabolism (thereby promoting the degradation of cholesterol and decreasing its amount in the body),
- Play an important role in reproducing and maintaining normal pregnancy,
- Thyroid glands and small amounts of calcitonin hormones are responsible for reducing the amount of calcium in the blood, which is embedded in the bones, that promotes bone growth and bone growth.
Many times people blame the thyroid for their problems with increased appetite, (before) poor appetite, thickness, weight loss, but also mood swings and the like. But in normal conditions the thyroid hormone produces exactly what the body needs. The creation and then the secretion of the thyroid hormone depends on the intake of sufficient iodine in food, and it is under the control of the hypothalamus that triggers the hormone TRH, which also stimulates the gland in the brain – adenohipophysis. Through its thyroid stimulating hormone – TSH, it stimulates the thyroid gland and thus affects the thyroid gland to perform its function. Regulatory is in principle a negative feedback, which means that, as soon as the thyroid gland does not produce or produce enough hormones (due to iodine deficiency, thyroid disease, or after surgery), adenohypophysis immediately enhances the formation and secretion of TSH.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Thyroid Disease Diagnosis is based on anamnesis – description of subjective complaints, general and local (palpation of the neck) examination, and laboratory examinations including thyroid hormone findings, thyroid ultrasound, cytologic puncture and thyroid scintigraphy.
Thyroid problems may be from small thyroid enlargement, which do not require treatment, to the life of dangerous tumors. However, the most common problems include abnormal hormone production, so we differentiate between hyperthyroidism, creating and extending too much of the thyroid hormone and hypothyroidism, creating and achieving too little thyroid hormone.
Thyroid treatment in the state of reduced hormone secretion involves replacement therapy, or hormone intake. Determination of the dose is individually and the physician is required to carry out an endocrinologist under his or her control until adequate hormone doses are introduced into the normal state of the thyroid gland. In the case of increased hormone secretion, the treatment is performed with thyrotoxicates, radioactive iodine, and sometimes surgically.
As each person is different, individual approaches to each individual, given their age, gender, diagnosis and goal, are required in both therapeutic and nutritional use. However, the research has outlined several basic nutrition guidelines for improving thyroid function through a proper selection of specific nutrients (vitamins and minerals) and foods that are a good source of it:
- Iodine: kitchen or sea salt (which according to the Salt Code should be iodinated) shellfish, algae (aramis, dulse, coma, hijiki, nori, wakame), deep water fish, garlic, sesame seeds, soybean, spinach, white beet leaves,
- Selenium: cereals, buckwheat, barley, barley, raisins, brown rice, oats, brewer’s yeast, cereal grains, amaryllis and quinoa pseudocitaries, broths, butter, fatty fish (hornbeam, tuna), shellfish, sunflower seeds and sesame seeds
- Copper: seafood (oysters, shrimps, shells, crustaceans), broths (beef liver, kidneys, hearts), whole grains, nuts and noodles butter, legumes (beans, peanuts, soya), chocolate, )
- Zinc: red meat, eggs, cheese, insects, seafood, whole grains, legumes, miso, tofu, beer yeast, cooked green vegetables, peas, mushrooms, pumpkin and sunflower seeds
- Manganese: whole grains, pineapple, nuts, seeds, grain, algae, green leafy vegetables, legumes,
- Vitamin B complexes: whole grains, baker’s yeast, broths, nuts, milk, eggs, red meat, poultry, fish, chicken, fresh fruit, green leafy vegetables,
- Vitamin C: citrus (orange, lemon, grapefruit), green pepper, watermelon, raspberry, berry fruit, strawberries, green leafy vegetables,
- Vitamin E: cereal germ, cold pressed vegetable oil, corn oil margarine, broth, egg, nuts, sunflower seeds, dark green leafy vegetables, batata,
- Omega-3 essential oils: Lactic acid oil, fatty fish, eggs, fatty acids: fish, vegetable and nut oil, seeds (flax, sesame, pumpkin) and their oils, algae.
Studies have shown that amino acid tyrosine stimulates brain activity and is important for proper thyroid function and stimulates the release of growth hormone, prevents fatigue and irritability. Sources are: meat, eggs, milk and dairy products, bananas and almonds.
Symptoms arise from slow-down metabolic processes, as they develop gradually, and in nature are general, mild and indefinite often pass unnoticed and unrecognized in early stages of the disease and can be found in other disorders.
The main physical symptoms are:
- Chronic fatigue, maleness
- Pain in the muscles and joints
- Slowness, drowsiness, loss of appetite,
- Reduced body temperature, intolerance of cold
- Slow heartbeat, obesity edema, facial
- Reduced sweating – a dry skin and cracked hair that increased sharply
- Chubby (due to the island of vocal), frequent sore throat
- Clowing / decreasing growth in children, slower mental retardation
Therefore, if you have noticed some of the symptoms that may be related to your thyroid gland, suddenly gained or lost on your body weight, if you have problems with concentration, mood swings, feel tired, or treat your thyroid gland in a short period of time. It is a small gland that has a great influence on the entire body and it is important to keep it well. As many researches have found, this can greatly help you choose the right diet and the supplements you will be taking in consideration of the (possible) diagnosis.
Bio about the author:
“I’m Nermin Hodžć, born and raised in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Blogger more than 5 years, also with 6 years of experience in press releases. Done more than 8 seminar work’s on my mature language in different niches. Also, a writer for Hair Transplant Clinic.”